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Saturday, January 21, 2017

Virtues of Al-Fatihah





Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded in the Musnad that Abu Sa`id
bin Al-Mu`alla said,
"I was praying when the Prophet called me, so I did not answer
him until I finished the prayer. I then went to him and he said,
What prevented you from coming?
I said, 'O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.'
He said, Didn't Allah say,"O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and
(His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives
you life."
He then said,
"I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur'an before
you leave the Masjid (Mosque)."
He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masjid, I
said, `O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the
greatest Surah in the Qur'an.'
He said, Yes      Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin,


It is the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur'an
that I was given.
Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah also
recorded this Hadith.
Also, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said,
"The Messenger of Allah went out while Ubayy bin Ka`b
was praying and said, O Ubayy!
Ubayy did not answer him.
The Prophet said, O Ubayy!
Ubayy prayed faster then went to the Messenger of Allah
saying, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!'
He said, Peace be unto you. O Ubayy, what prevented
you from answering me when I called you?
He said, `O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.'
He said, Did you not read among what Allah has sent
down to me,
"Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger
when he calls you to that which gives you life."
He said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah! I will not do it
again.'
the Prophet said,
"
By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Allah has
never revealed in the Tawrah, the Injil, the
Zabur or the Furqan a Surah like it. It is the
seven repeated verses that I was given.''
Also, At-Tirmidhi recorded this Hadith and in his
narration, the Prophet said"It is the seven repeated verses and the Glorious
Qur'an that I was given."

At-Tirmidhi then commented that this Hadith is Hasan
Sahih.
There is a similar Hadith on this subject narrated from
Anas bin Malik.
Further, `Abdullah, the son of Imam Ahmad, recorded this
Hadith from Abu Hurayrah from Ubayy bin Ka`b, and he
mentioned a longer but similar wording for the above Hadith.
In addition, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i recorded this Hadith from
Abu Hurayrah from Ubayy bin Ka`b who said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
Allah has never revealed in the Tawrah or the Injil
anything similar to Umm Al-Qur'an. It is the seven
repeated verses and it is divided into two halves between
Allah and His servant.
This is the wording reported by An-Nasa'i.
At-Tirmidhi said that this Hadith is Hasan Gharib.
Also, Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Jabir said,
"I went to the Messenger of Allah after he had poured
water (for purification) and said, `Peace be unto you, O
Messenger of Allah!'
He did not answer me. So I said again, `Peace be unto
you, O Messenger of Allah!'
Again, he did not answer me, so I said again, `Peace be
unto you, O Messenger of Allah!'
Still he did not answer me.
The Messenger of Allah went while I was following him,
until he arrived at his residence. I went to the Masjid and
sat there sad and depressed. The Messenger of Allah
came out after he performed his purification and said,
Peace and Allah's mercy be unto you,
peace and Allah's mercy be unto you,
peace and Allah's mercy be unto you.
He then said,
O `Abdullah bin Jabir! Should I inform you of the best
Surah in the Qur'an.
I said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah!'
All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the existence,'
until you finish it. ''
This Hadith has a good chain of narrators.
Some scholars relied on this Hadith as evidence that
some Ayat and Surahs have more virtues than others.
Furthermore, in the chapter about the virtues of the Qur'an, Al-
Bukhari recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said,
"Once, we were on a journey when a female servant
came and said, `The leader of this area has been
poisoned and our people are away. Is there a healer
among you' Then a man whose healing expertise did not
interest us stood for her, he read a Ruqyah for him, and
he was healed.
The chief gave him thirty sheep as a gift and some milk.
When he came back to us we said to him,
`You know of a (new) Ruqyah, or did you do this
before?'
He said, `I only used Umm Al-Kitab as Ruqyah.'
We said, `Do not do anything further until we ask the
Messenger of Allah.'
When we went back to Al-Madinah we mentioned what
had happened to the Prophet . The Prophet said,"Who told him that it is a Ruqyah. Divide (the
sheep) and reserve a share for me.''
Also, Muslim recorded in his Sahih, and An-Nasa'i in his Sunan
that Ibn `Abbas said,
"While Jibril (Gabriel) was with the Messenger of Allah ,
he heard a noise from above. Jibril lifted his sight to the
sky and said,
`This is a door in heaven being open, and it has
never been opened before now.'
An angel descended from that door and came to the
Prophet and said,
`Receive the glad tidings of two lights that you
have been given, which no other Prophet before
you was given:
- the Opening of the Book and
- the last (three) Ayat of Surat Al-Baqarah.
You will not read a letter of them, but will gain its
benefit.'''
This is the wording collected by An-Nasa'i (Al-Kubra
5:12) and Muslim recorded similar wording (1:554).

about Al-Fatehah












This Surah is called

- Al-Fatihah, that is, the Opener of the Book, the Surah

with which prayers are begun.

- It is also called, Umm Al-Kitab (the Mother of the Book)

, according to the majority of the scholars.

In an authentic Hadith recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who

graded it Sahih, Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger

of Allah said, "Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin is the Mother

of the Qur'an, the Mother of the Book, and the

seven repeated Ayat of the Glorious Qur'an."

It is also called Al-Hamd and As-Salah, because the Prophet

said that his Lord said,"The prayer (i.e., Al-Fatihah) is divided 

into two halves

between Me and My servants.

When the servant says, `All praise is due to Allah, the

Lord of existence,' Allah says, 'My servant has praised

Me."

 Al-Fatihah was called the Salah, because reciting it is a

condition for the correctness of Salah - the prayer.

Al-Fatihah was also called Ash-Shifa' (the Cure)
.
It is also called Ar-Ruqyah (remedy), since in the Sahih, there

is the narration of Abu Sa`id telling the story of the Companion

who used Al-Fatihah as a remedy for the tribal chief who was

poisoned. Later, the Messenger of Allah said to a Companion,

"How did you know that it is a Ruqyah"

Al-Fatihah was revealed in Makkah as Ibn `Abbas, Qatadah

and Abu Al-`Aliyah stated.

Allah said,

"And indeed, We have bestowed upon you the seven

Mathani (seven repeatedly recited verses), (i.e. Surat

Al-Fatihah) (15:87)."

Allah knows best.


How many Ayat does Al-Fatihah Contain

There is no disagreement over the view that Al-Fatihah

contains seven Ayat.

According to the majority of the reciters of Al-Kufah, a group of
the Companions, the Tabi`in, and a number of scholars from

the successive generations, the Bismillah is a separate Ayah in

its beginning. We will mention this subject again soon, if Allah

wills, and in Him we trust.



The Number of Words and Letters in Al-

Fatihah

The scholars say that Al-Fatihah consists of twenty-five words,

and that it contains one hundred and thirteen letters




The Reason it is called Umm Al-Kitab

In the beginning of the Book of Tafsir, in his Sahih, Al-Bukhari

said;

"It is called Umm Al-Kitab, because the Qur'an starts

with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.''

It was also said that it is called Umm Al-Kitab, because

it contains the meanings of the entire Qur'an.
.
Ibn Jarir said
,
"The Arabs call every comprehensive matter that

contains several specific areas an Umm. For

instance, they call the skin that surrounds the brain,

Umm Ar-Ra's. They also call the flag that gathers

the ranks of the army an Umm.''

He also said,

"Makkah was called Umm Al-Qura, (the Mother of

the Villages) because it is the grandest and the

leader of all villages.

It was also said that the earth was made starting from

Makkah.''

Further, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated

about Umm Al-Qur'an that the Prophet said

"It is Umm Al-Qur'an, the seven repeated (verses) and

the Glorious Qur'an."



THE SPREADERS (adh-Dhariyat)

In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful.







1.  By the spreaders spreading.

2.  And those carrying loads.

3.  And those moving gently.

4.  And those distributing as commanded.

5.  What you are promised is true.

6.  Judgment will take place.

7.  By the sky that is woven.

8.  You differ in what you say.

9.  Averted from it is he who is averted.

10.   Perish the imposters.

11.   Those who are dazed in ignorance.

12.  They ask, “When is the Day of Judg-ment?”

13.   The Day they are presented to the Fire.

14.  “Taste your ordeal. This is what you used to challenge.”




15.  But the pious are amidst gardens and springs.

16.  Receiving what their Lord has given them. They were virtuous before that.

17.  They used to sleep a little at night.

18.  And at dawn, they would pray for par-don.

19.  And in their wealth, there was a share for the beggar and the deprived.

20.  And on earth are signs for the con-vinced.

21.  And within yourselves. Do you not see?

22.  And in the heaven is your livelihood, and what you are promised.

23.  By the Lord of the heaven and the earth, it is as true as the fact that you speak.

24.  Has the story of Abraham’s honorable guests reached you?

25.  When they entered upon him, they said, “Peace.” He said, “Peace, strangers.”

26.  Then he slipped away to his family, and brought a fatted calf.

27.  He set it before them. He said, “Will you not eat?”

28.  And he harbored fear of them. They said, “Do not fear,” and they announced to him the good news of a knowledgeable boy.

29.  His wife came forward crying. She clasped her face, and said, “A barren old woman?”




30.  They said, “Thus spoke your Lord. He is the Wise, the Knowing.”

31.  He said, “What is your business, O en-voys?”

32.  They said, “We are sent to a people guilty of sin.”

33.  “To unleash upon them rocks of clay.”

34.  “Marked by your Lord for the exces-sive.”

35.  We evacuated all the believers who were in it.

36.  But found in it only one household of Muslims.

37.  And We left a sign therein for those who fear the painful punishment.

38.  And in Moses. We sent him to Pharaoh with a clear authority.

39.  But he turned away with his warlords, and said, “A sorcerer or a madman.”

40.  So We seized him and his troops, and threw them into the sea, and He was to blame.

41.  And in Aad. We unleashed against them the devastating wind.

42.  It spared nothing it came upon, but rendered it like decayed ruins.

43.  And in Thamood. They were told, “En-joy yourselves for a while.”

44.  But they defied the command of their Lord, so the lightning struck them as they looked on.




45.  They could not rise up, nor could they find help.

46.  And before that, the people of Noah. They were immoral people.

47.  We constructed the universe with pow-er, and We are expanding it.

48.  And the earth—We spread it out— How well We prepared it!

49.  We created all things in pairs, so that you may reflect and ponder.

50.  “So flee towards God. I am to you from Him a clear warner.”

51.  “And do not set up any other god with God. I am to you from Him a clear warn-er.”

52.  Likewise, no messenger came to those before them, but they said, “A sorcerer or a madman.”

53.  Did they recommend it to one another? In fact, they are rebellious people.

54.  So turn away from them; you are not to blame.

55.  And remind, for the reminder benefits the believers.

56.  I did not create the jinn and the hu-mans except to worship Me.

57.  I need no livelihood from them, nor do I need them to feed Me.

58.  God is the Provider, the One with Pow-er, the Strong.

59.  Those who do wrong will have their turn, like the turn of their counterparts, so let them not rush Me.




60. So woe to those who disbelieve because of that Day of theirs which they are prom-ised


Translated to English by

TALAL ITANI


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